The chief aim of the degree is to train teachers of Primary School Education to be able to carry out their profession in different contexts (rural and urban, multi-culticultural and mono-cultural, regional, national and international, etc.); enabling them to adapt to social, cultural, scientific, technological and educational changes; and to gain expert working knowledge of a variety of subjects and how they interact. They should be able to question practices where necessary and have initiative; to reflect on the practical side of what they teach, and have a commitment to their profession. At the same time, students will be trained to work in other professions which are related – both directly and/or indirectly - to Primary School Education.
The general training will serve to train Primary Education teachers who will be competent to teach at all stages and in all curricular areas of Primary Education. They should be experts in all aspects of Primary Education and how they interact. As such they will be able to build upon the basic principles of Primary Education to meet its objectives. The training received on this degree course is geared towards preparing graduates to be skilled teachers of Primary Education. They will be encouraged to question the status quo and enabled to adapt to a rapidly-changing environment.
In keeping with these objectives, the teacher must be able to:-
* 1. Organise ways to encourage each student to acquire knowledge
* 2. Act as a mediator so that each activity is significant and stimulates the potential for development for students in an interactive group activity.
* 3. Design and organise activities for each subject area and a combination of them, and interact with the outside world.
* 4. Analyse the environment in which the activity takes place, designing it in such a way that it meets the needs of a changing society.
* 5. Manage tutorials in order to guide students and assess their learning progress.
* 6. Have in-depth knowledge of the eduactional stage in which they are going to work.
* 7. Know the subjects which they are going to teach and design appropriate activities both for each subject and a combination of several.
8. Use a suitable methodology for the role of teacher/researcher.
* 9. Acquire knowledge, and discover tools which help students to reflect on education from a psychological/sociological and pedagogical point of view.
* 10. Learn about and develop the necessary skills to be able to acquire the required personal maturity to be properly qualified to teach.
* 11.Set up teaching-learning situations to help students discover what their future teaching role will be like.
* 12. Develop their work in the knowledge society.
* 13.Know about the new training processes which the information and communication technologies afford.
* 14.Know themselves, have self-esteem and the ability to create constructive group relations, and to have a supportive and democratic attitude.
* 15.Have the necessary social skills to be able to lead the groups of students for which they are responsibe.
* 16. Work as a team with the other teaching staff.
Consequently, students of the Degree in Primary Education at the URJC have the following aims:
* 1. To understand how language develops at the primary education stage and to design teaching strategies which will enrich communicative skills.
* 1. To know about and enhance the child's cognitive, social and personality development from birth to the age of compulsory education.
* 2. To use systematic observation as the main tool for an overall, general and continued assessment of students' abilities.
* 3. To take their lead from the globalisation principle when it comes to programming learning activities and tasks for 0- to 6-year-olds.
* 4. To know how to use games as the main teaching tool, as well as designing learning activities based on principles of fun.
* 5. To be able to develop a child's mathematical thinking and awareness of numbers.
* 6. To promote habits which introduce the child to the worlds of reading and writing.
* 7. To be expert in any and all official languages of the region and pronounce and understand the languages fluently.
* 8. To develop in their pupils the habits of self-sufficiency and respect for the norms for studying together.
* 9. To know the methodology for developing the concept of space, geometry and logical thought.
* 10. To know about psychomotor development and design activities geared to stimulating it.
* 11.To detect unease on the part of a child which prevents him or her from developing, and to take steps to solve the problem.
* 12. To know how to create and maintain communication links with children's families and so include them more actively in their child's/children's education
* 13. To know how to encourage children to respect their natural, social and cultural environments.